If you follow this site you know there is a lot of emphasis on grooming ranchu. grooming is controlling the environment so as to get the best desired results from the genetics of the fish. in some cases it may be to overcompensate for a flaw or to maximize a feature. In every situation there are some basic rules to follow and maybe some improvising to reach the desired affect. Many a veil tail goes by the wayside because the body or peduncle is to weak to carry the tail because of food or water depth. Maybe it is the ryukin who was under fed and did not start a hump or a weak bristol tail whose tail has scissored. Some flaws may be genetic and you remove them from the breeding program, others simply fish raised under the wrong conditions. in the series on culling the topic was touched on. I think it is due to call on the breeders and "groomers" to fill in the blanks. Example. In the 90's Al T , Carlos P and myself imported bristols from Tisbuy in the UK. Dave T did not tell me they were from T Roberts, doesn't matter. Tony and the other bristol breeders raise their fish in 8 inches of water to keep the bodies long and thin and the tails upright. Dave T said what ever you do do NOT put the fish in a big pond. So the first thing I did was to put 24 of the offspring in a one acre lake 16 feet deep. i will try to show you pictures of some 11 year old fish with super tails from that pond. Yes I have a fuller body but the tails are very strong. We need to start a grooming thread for each fish type. Volunteers please. 1)Veils/Broadtails 2)Ryukins 3)Ranchus 4)Bristols 5)Single Tails 6)Orandas Joe Linale once said he could put a hump on a veil if he over fed them at a certain age. There is a lot to learn and share. Any Takers?